M. Horyński, W. Pietrzyk, A. Boguta
A b s t r a c t . A good building is characterized by structural and installation flexibility. Its another important feature consists in adaptability i.e. in potential subdivisions and modification of the functions owing to the fact that the type of activity conducted in a building object may be changed in course of its service life. There are several market requirements to be met by a building. The basic requirements are: the profit for the owner and developer, effective use of available space, low maintenance costs and possibility to generate profits. It is possible to determine the principles of engineering (POE) for a building on the basis of an assessment of quality of the already existing buildings. The following quality categories are determined in the framework of this method: technical, functional, behavioural, organizational and economic category. The users of the building as well as their needs and location in the building and the needs of this building are further elements to be considered. The purpose of the present article is to establish a definition of an intelligent building and to present a model of building automation system in this type of building as well as to present the examples illustrating the use of computer in order to reduce electric energy consumption. The issues associated with the designing of energy efficient systems in the scope of building management have also been discussed.
Key words: energy efficiency, programming, building system, intelligent building, electric system.