M. OliskevychFull text PDF
Summary. This research is devoted to the problem of improving the usage of heavy road trains by increasing their actual loading with cargo. The present paper proves that the extremely forced road train not always fits the permissible loading from its axles and vice versa. This contradiction is reinforced by the fact that flows of general cargoes consist of different transport options packages. They are required to be arranged into a rational scheme of loading vans. There were formulated and showed an example of solving the optimization problem of placing cargo units into five-axle road train. There were used static equations of the mechanical system, which is the tractor plus van plus the general goods. First, the piece goods are considered as reduced to the centre of mass of road train. It was showed the importance to comply with accuracy of the coordinates of the centre of gravity value and its influence on the load of vehicle. The dependence of reducing of permissible loading from the centre of gravity coordinate deviation of the estimated optimal was built. The task of optimization of loading schemes was solved in three stages. In the first stage, there was defined the centre of gravity of cargo. At the second stage, there were taken into account the weight and dimensional parameters of transport packages and made a concentrated mass distribution on the wagon platform. It was found that it is advisable to choose the weight of transport packages for optimal load circuit. Each optimal loading scheme should meet the current transport scheme process of cargo delivery. To this aim, it was formulated and solved the problem of the third stage which variables are the parameters of incoming and outgoing flows such as fronts of vehicles, size of groups of cargo in packets.
Key words: road train, loading, pieces cargo, center of gravity.